Companion Plants

Florida Companion Planting Chart

Asparagus

  • Basil
  • Comfrey
  • Dill
  • Parsley
  • Tomatoes
  • Marigolds
  • Do not plant near Garlic, Onions, Peas

Basil Companions

  • Tomatoes
  • Okra
  • Broccoli
  • Peppers
  • Oregano
  • Do not plant near Sage
  • Bean Companions
  • Tomatoes
  • Okra
  • Broccoli
  • Peppers
  • Oregano
  • Do not plant near Sage

Broccoli

  • Celery
  • Chard
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Peas
  • Potatoes
  • Strawberries
  • Do not plant near alliums

Bee Balm

  • Tomatoes

Borage

  • Tomatoes
  • Squash
  • Strawberries –  Borage and strawberries help each other and strawberry farmers always set a few plants in their beds to enhance the fruits flavor and yield.

Broccoli

  • Basil
  • Beans
  • Celery
  • Cucumber
  • Dill
  • Garlic
  • Hyssop
  • Marigold
  • Mint
  • Nasturtium
  • Onion
  • Potato
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Thyme
  • Tomatoes
  • Do not plant near grapes or strawberries

Celery

  • Beans
  • Cabbage Family
  • Flowers – Cosmos, Daisies, Snapdragons
  • Leek
  • Onion
  • Spinach
  • Tomato
  • Do not plant near corn, asters, and irish potatoes

Chamomile

Good to grow with other herbs to increase oil production

Chard

  • Beans
  • Cabbage Family
  • Onions
  • Tomatoes
  • Roses
  • Do not grow near herbs, melons, or corn

Chives

  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage Family
  • Tomatoes – Improves flavor
  • Roses – Helps prevent black spot
  • Do not plant near beans and peas

Corn

  • Beans
  • Cucumbers
  • Melons
  • Morning Glories
  • Parsley
  • Peanuts
  • Peas
  • Potatoes
  • Pumpkins
  • Squash
  • Sunflower
  • Do not grow near tomatoes and celery

Grow climbing beans up corn while inter-planting pumpkins. The corn provides a natural trellis for the beans, pumpkins smother the weeds and helps corn roots retain moisture. Corn is a heavy feeder and the beans fix nitrogen from air into the soil however the beans do not feed the corn while it is growing. When the bean plants die back they return nitrogen to the soil that was used up by the corn

Cucumbers are also good for draping over corn

Cucumbers

  • Corn
  • Dill
  • Beans
  • Okra
  • Peas
  • Nasturtiums
  • Do not grow near Sage and Potatoes

Dill attracts the swallowtail butterfly

  • Cabbage
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Squash
  • Do not plant near tomatoes or lavender

Eggplant

  • Beans
  • Okra
  • Peas
  • Peppers
  • Spinach
  • Tarragon
  • Thyme
  • Marigold

Elderberry

Put branches and leaves in mole runs to banish them. Elderberry leaves added to the compost pile speeds up the decomposing process.

Fennel

Dill

Fennel is not friendly and is allelopathic to most garden plants, inhibiting growth or causing them to bolt. It actually kills many plants. Dill is the only thing you can plant with fennel. Other than that plant it by itself. On a positive note the foliage and flowers attract beneficials such as ladybugs, syrphid flies, tachninid flies, beneficial parasitoid wasps and hoverflies Fennel is a good flea repellent. An old saying says to “plant fennel near your kennel” to deter fleas. Dried fennel leaves provide additional flea repelling insurance when put inside the dog house or kennel.

Garlic

Plant near roses to repel aphids. It also benefits apple trees, pear trees, cucumbers, peas, lettuce and celery. Plant under peach trees to help repel borers.

Grapes

  • Hyssop
  • Beans
  • Clover – Plant beneath the grapevines to increase fertility
  • Basil
  • Blackberries
  • Chives
  • Oregano
  • Peas
  • Do not plant grapes near cabbages or radishes

 Hyssop

Hyssop

Companion plant to cabbage and grapes, deters cabbage moths and flea beetles. Do not plant near radishes. Hyssop may be the number one preference among bees and some beekeepers rub the hive with it to encourage the bees to keep to their home. It is not as invasive as other members of the mint family making it safer for interplanting.

Lemon Balm

Lemon balm has citronella compounds that make this work: crush and rub the leaves on your skin to keep mosquitoes away! Use to ward off squash bugs!

Okra

  • Basil
  • Black-Eyed Peas – Plant Okra first, then plant peas around
  • Eggplants
  • Melons
  • Peppers

Oregano

  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Grapes

Peas

  • Beans
  • Carrots
  • Celery
  • Corn
  • Cucumber
  • Eggplant
  • Parsley
  • Peppers – Sweet
  • Potatoes – New
  • Spinach
  • Strawberry
  • Tomatoes
  • Turnips
  • Do not plant peas with chives, gladiolus, grapes, late potatoes or onions.

Peppers – Sweet

  • Basil
  • Okra – To protect, the spindly plant, set peppers beneath okra
  • Onions
  • Parsley
  • Tomatoes

Peppers – Hot

  • Cucumbers
  • Eggplant
  • Okra
  • Swiss Chard
  • Squash
  • Tomatoes
  • Sweet Peppers
  • Never put them next to any beans, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts or fennel.

Pumpkins

  • Corn
  • Dill
  • Marigold deters beetles.
  • Mlons
  • Nasturtium deters bugs, beetles.
  • Oregano
  • Squash

Rose

Achillea [Yarrow]

Alliums increase fragrance, ward off aphids, and combat black spot

  • Onion – repels aphids, weevils, borers, moles
  • Garlic – repels aphids, thrips and also helps fight black spot and mildew (for the best results you may need to keep the garlic planted with roses for several years)
  • Chives – also repels many pests
  • Alchemilla [Lady’s Mantle
  • Artemesia
  • Baptisia [Blue False Indigo]
  • Basil – repels aphids, mosquitoes, moles
  • Bellflower
  • Catmint – Some plants just seem to be made for each other. The feathery purple and blue-gray catmint (Nepeta) offsets any pale pink rose beautifully, and its wispy spires gracefully camouflage any blemishes that may occur on the rose’s foliage. While the tops of roses are nice and lush, the bottoms can become leggy and sparse. Good rose companions are those that hide their bare legs.
  • Dianthus – Pinks

Examples of Roses with Companion Plants

Geranium [first image]

  • Geranium – repels Japanese beetles, aphids and rose beetles
  • Hyssop
  • Larkspur
  • Lavender
  • Marigold – discourages harmful nematodes, repels pests and is a trap plant for slugs
  • Mint – deters ants and aphids
  • Oregano
  • Parsley – repels rose beetles
  • Russian Sage [not a true sage]
  • Sage
  • Salvia
  • Tansy – deters flying insects, Japanese beetles
  • Thyme
  • Tomato – helps protect roses from black spot

Rose Companions for Groundcover Groundcovers for Roses

Veronica, Lantana, Alyssum, Labrador Violet

Examples of suitable annual groundcovers [for roses] include Alyssum, Lobelia, Lantana, Petunias, Summer Snapdragon (Angelonia), Million Bells (Calibrachoa), Verbena and Pinks (Dianthus). https://www.heirloomroses.com/care/companion-planting-with-roses/

http://gardening.about.com/od/rose1/a/Rose_Companions.htm

Rosemary

  • Beans
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Sage

Sage

  • Broocoli
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower
  • Rosemary

Spinach

  • Beans
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Eggplant
  • Onion
  • Peas
  • Strawberries
  • Squash – by the time the squash is grown, the spinach is ready to harvest

Squash

  • Beans
  • Borage
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Dill
  • Marigolds
  • Melons
  • Mint
  • Nasturtiums
  • Onions
  • Oregano
  • Pumpkins

Strawberry

  • Beans
  • Borage –  Borage and strawberries help each other and strawberry farmers always set a few plants in their beds to enhance the fruits flavor and yield.
  • Letuce
  • Onions
  • Spinach
  • Thyme
  • Do not plant with Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, & Kohlrabi

Tomatoes

  • Asparagus
  • Basil
  • Bean
  • Carrots
  • Celery
  • Chives
  • Cucumbers
  • Garlic
  • Marigold
  • Mint
  • Nasturtium
  • Onion
  • Parsley
  • Peas
  • Peppers
  • Keep corn and tomato apart as they are attacked by the same worm. Also keep cabbate, cauliflower, chives, dill,  potatoes& turnips apart from tomatoes. Kohlrabi stunts tomato growth. Delphinium and Larkspur should also be kept away form Tomatoes.

Turnips

  • Cabbage
  • Do not plant potatoes, radishes or other root vegetables near your turnips. These vegetables will compete for nutrients with the turnips and reduce crop size and yield. Other plants that do not do well with turnips are delphinium, larkspur and mustard.

Watermelon

  • Corn – Plant watermelon between hills of corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Nasturtiums
  • Oregano
  • Peas
  • Squash
  • Sunflowers

Yarrow 

Yarrow has insect repelling qualities and is an excellent natural fertilizer. A handful of yarrow leaves added to the compost pile really speeds things up. Try it! It also attracts predatory wasps and ladybugs to name just two. It may increase the essential oil content of herbs when planted among them. Yarrow has many wonderful properties.

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